Health benefits of Cauliflower
  • It is very low in calories. 100 g of the fresh cauliflower head provides only 26 calories. Nevertheless, it comprises of several health-benefiting antioxidants and vitamins in addition to be very low in fat and contains no cholesterol.
  • Its florets contain about 2 g of dietary fiber per 100 g; providing about 5% of recommended value.
  • Cauliflower contains several anti-cancer phyto-chemicals likesulforaphaneand plant sterols suchasindole-3-carbinol,which appears to function as an anti-estrogen agent. Together these compounds have proven benefits against prostate, breast, cervical, colon, ovarian cancers by virtue of their cancer-cell growth inhibition, cytotoxic effects on cancer cells.
  • Furthermore,Di-indolyl-methane (DIM),a lipid soluble compound present abundantly in Brassica group of vegetables has found effective as immune modulator, anti-bacterial and anti-viral compound by synthesis and potentiating Interferon-Gamma receptors. DIM has currently been found application in the treatment of recurring respiratory papillomatosis caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and is in Phase III clinical trials for cervical dysplasia.
  • Fresh cauliflower is an excellent source ofvitamin C;100 g provides about 48.2 mg or 80% of daily recommended value. Vitamin-C is a proven antioxidant helps fight against harmful free radicals, boosts immunity and prevents from infections and cancers.
  • It contains good amounts of many vital B-complex groups of vitamins such as folates, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and thiamin (vitamin B1), niacin (B3) as well as vitamin K. These vitamins is essential in the sense that body requires them from external sources to replenish and required for fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
  • Further, It is an also good source of minerals such as manganese, copper, iron, calcium and potassium. Manganese is used in the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme,superoxide dismutase.Potassiumis an important intracellular electrolyte helps counter the hypertension effects of sodium.
 
Nutritive value per 100  G (Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 25 Kcal 1%
Carbohydrates 4.97 g 4%
Protein 1.92 g 4%
Total Fat 0.28 g 1%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 2.0 g 5%
Vitamins
Folates 57 µg 14%
Niacin 0.507 mg 3%
Pantothenic acid 0.667 mg 13%
Pyridoxine 0.184 mg 14%
Riboflavin 0.060 mg 4.5%
Thiamin 0.050 mg 4%
Vitamin A 0 IU 0%
Vitamin C 48.2 mg 80%
Vitamin E 0.08 mg 0.5%
Vitamin K 15.5 µg 13%
Electrolytes
Sodium 30 mg 2%
Potassium 299 mg 6%
Minerals
Calcium 22 mg 2%
Copper 0.039 mg 4.5%
Iron 0.42 mg 5%
Magnesium 15 mg 3.5%
Manganese 0.155 mg 7%
Zinc 0.27 mg 2.5%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-β 0 µg --
Lutein-zeaxanthin 1 µg